Thursday, July 12, 2018

After Graduation, What Next?

Dr. S. Ganesan
Regional Director, IGNOU
Earlier, the ‘Wanted’ columns invite applicant with graduation (any degree). Presently, the demand is replacing the word ‘graduates’ by ‘Post-Graduates’. We all know the present situation of job-market and survival of fittest (educationally). To adopt to such fast changing scenario, the simple graduate is to study further and further. When we see the higher education world through graduate eyes, we find a wide open window doors with varieties of specialization at Post-Graduation level. One will realize
·         Research
·         PG
·         UG
the top-down pyramid model from UG to PG transition phase. Because the PG courses have more varieties than UG level studies. Due to this academic fact, both parents and students experience the challenge of choosing the right one at right time. Let us critically examine the process involved in selection of PG studies by UG qualified student.
PG in Science: MSC Dietetics and Food Services Management, MCA-Computer Applications
PG in Arts: MA in English, History, Public Administration, Hindi, Political Science
PG in Social Work: MSW-Social Work, Counseling, MA Sociology, MA Anthropology
To analyze the Post Graduate courses while taking admission, the following points are to be considered:
·         Duration of study
·         Medium of study
·         Number of subjects (or) papers (theory or practicals)
·         Number of field work or project work to be carried-out (compulsory/optional)
·         Quantum of practicals in science branch
·         Choice (s) for optional subject(s)/specialization area(s)
·         Scope for further studies/research
·         Job opportunities available (present/future)
·         Fees
Duration of Study:  Not all PG courses are of 2 years duration. It ranges from 1 to 3 years even.

Duration
MCA (Computer Applications)
3 years
MA
2 years
MLIS (Library Science)
1 year
Medium of Study: Mostly the Post Graduate courses are offered in English medium; however the popular PG courses, especially in arts subjects, it is available in Hindi medium also. Depending on the comfortability of the student, one can select the medium. For exam purposes, the flexibility of Open and Distance Learning System permit the students to write either in Hindi or English, irrespective of student’s medium of study. Change of medium of study is also possible in IGNOU like Open and Distance Learning Universities.

Hindi
English
MARD (Rural Development)
MTTM (Tourism Management)
-
MLIS (Library Science)
-
MAAN (Anthropology)
-
Number of Subjects (Papers):  In general, the PG programmes have 4-subjects, in first year and 4-subjects in second year (total of 8 subjects). But this quantum varies from Post Graduation to Post Graduation; especially PG having Practicals/Internship/Project Work etc. The quantum of subject contents are indicated as:
Ø  Number of Papers
Ø  Number of Credits (one credit is  equal to  30 study hours)
Depending upon the capacity of student, one shall select the PG programmes having more number of subjects or credits too. But, the decision is to be taken well before the admission.
Number of Papers: (Subjects)

I-year
II-year
Total
MA-English
4
4
8
MA (Distance Education)
5
5
10
M.Com (Commerce)
6
6
12
MSW  (Counselling)
7
7
14
Number of Credits:

I-year
II-year
Total
MA (English)
32
32
64
 MEC ( Economics)
36
30
66
MAAE (Adult Education)
34
34
68
M.Com
36
36
72
Number of Field Work/Practical/Internship:  At PG level, certain level of research aptitude is developed through few field works/project work. Some students who prefer desk work/book work, it marks them to be a drop-out in their PG studies. However, in few PG courses, the project work is optional one. Thus, student should match his/her interest (or) capabilities with the PG with special reference to field work /project work. Academically speaking, the students should prefer PG courses having project work/field work so as to face interviews with confidence.


I-year
II-year
Total
MSW (Social Work)
One
One
Two (compulsory)
MPA (Public Administration)
NIL
ONE
One  (optional)

Specialization Areas:  Even the M.Com has different varieties of specializations, such as M.Com (F & T),. M.Com (BP & CG), M.Com (Management, Account & Financial Studies). Similarly, the M.A. Education provides opportunities to specialize one out of five areas of education such as; Higher Education, Distance Education, Educational Technology, Educational Management, Adult Education etc. Student should wisely opt such specialization as per his interest and capacity.
MA (Education)
One out of  5 special areas
MSW (Social Work)
2 out of 5 subjects

Scopes for further studies:  The higher education path after PG takes to M.Phil, Ph.D, Post Doctoral Fellow etc. Some PG leads to further specialization, for instance, M.A. Education to PG Diploma in Educational Technology, M.A. Distance Education etc. Higher the academic qualification, he/she gets good opportunities in job market. Hence, a long-term vision through your PG is to be seen especially, when one aspires to become researcher, Professor in university system.
Job Opportunities:  Time-to-time the Govt. of India, State Governments analyze the future requirements of manpower for the state or country. Analyzing such present or future requirements forecast of job opportunities, one should try to equip himself/herself to fit into the eligibility or become potential candidate for emerging opportunities. The PG with odd-on or value-addition PG Diplomas facilities to get wider job opportunities in today’ competitive world.
Fees:  Based on personal paying capacity and family income level, one must be optimistic to apply for PG. Dropping the course at mid point will be both waste of time and money.

I-year
II-year
Total
B.Ed
Rs.50000
NIL
Rs.50000
MSW (Social Work)
Rs. 16400
Rs.16200
Rs. 32600
MPS (Political Science)
Rs. 5600
Rs. 5400
Rs. 11000
 With growing competition, the existing regular colleges are compelled to keep the merit score as high as possible. But at the same, to give equal educational opportunities to all, the Open and Distance Learning System keeps its doors open always. The unlimited seats in Open and Distance Learning universities (such as IGNOU) is one of the best alternatives for Andaman & Nicobar Population. Let all graduates become Post Graduate degree holder, to enrich educationally
(The author is Regional Director of IGNOU, Regional Centre, Port Blair and can be reached at rcportblair@ignou.ac.in (M-8900936718)

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