Thursday, December 6, 2018

Tale of American visitor John Allen Chau still a mystery; After thorough investigation can find facts; call for more alert to prevent the repetition of outsiders entering off bound Islands: Chairman (NCST)


TMI Correspondent
Port Blair, Dec 05: The Chairman, National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST), Nand Kumar Sai has desired the Andaman & Nicobar Administration, security agencies and also the general public to be more alert to prevent the repetition of outsiders entering the off bound islands in Andaman & Nicobar archipelago.
The Chairman (NCST), Nand Kumar Sai, referring to the latest incident of John Allen Chau, an American visitor to the islands managed to enter North Sentinel Andaman where he was allegedly killed by the Sentinelese tribals on Nov 17, 2018 is became an internationally a top news story. The Chairman (NCST) said, a constitutional body to safeguard the interests of the tribes all over the country, has taken the matter very seriously.
The Chairman (NCST) addressing a press conference on Dec 04, 2018 in the conference hall of Secretariat said, the incident with John Allen Chau till now is based on statement of fishermen only, who were allegedly witnessed the entire episode, which says, he was come to the islands earlier too, he was a priest, etc. But, it is still not known about the purpose of the John Allen Chau to enter into the North Sentinel Island; is any residents of these islands entertaining foreigners in such matters; whether he is alive or died is yet unclear. He said that the in-evident fishermen cannot be trusted completely especially in this sensitive matter. Till now the case is running like a story, only after thorough investigation the factual things will come out.
Therefore, the Commission has directed the investigating agencies to make a grass-root level investigation in this matter, and directed the DGP to investigate the views in the international newspapers publication also. It is further has been directed the police to submit complete report as soon as possible on the entire episode.
Let apart this, Chairman (NCST) further said, our country as well as A&N Islands is now become a centre of worth in world countries, hence it needs to be more alert in protection of tribes, especially primitive tribes in the Islands. The Administration here is all set to prevent the repetition of such incidents in future," he announced.
Chairman (NCST) has observed that, some among various tribes in the islands are performing well in education and reaching their goals in different professions, in view of this the Commission also suggests to setting up a Cloistral University in these islands for education and development of the tribal communities here.
He further informed that, as per views from prominent social workers and NGOs, as in states like Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra Chhattisgarh, Gujarat and Orissa the Governor has the rights to make decision for the welfare of tribal communities in the shape of education subsidy and preference in govt. services etc. likewise it is suggested that the Lt. Governor here in this UT should be given the right to make decisions for the welfare of tribals in the islands, it was also informed to the Lt. Governor here in his reply he said Ok if any provision exists then.
Replying to scribes in the press conference, we have got suggestions from Fishermen Associations, Social Works and NGOs regarding RAP and will take final decisions on RAP after reviews meeting soon.
It is also bring to the notice of Chairman (NSTC) in the press conference that, "the tribes 'Great Andamanese' are being shifting to other islands and they are not getting sufficient commodities from the administration". And another tribes 'Shompen' in Great Nicobar in population approx 240, despite being disconnect to civilized society they have been given voting right. Is this correct? if so upto which extent?  
The Chairman, National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST), Nand Kumar Sai, in his reply said, the tribes are connected to nature and should not be separated without their permission, further noted down the queries raised by scribes and assured to look into the matter. He said, one can call our NCST through phone or send in web postal www.ncst.nic.in regarding such information, if such anything happens with them. The National Scheduled Tribes Commission will take strict action and the Commission is ready to take up matters for the welfare of tribals, he added.

Commuters protest at Bambooflat Jetty over Vehicle ferries shortage in DSS




NITU SINGH
Port Blair, Dec 05: The Chatham and Bambooflat jetties are two of the busiest jetties one Bambooflat jetty will always remain busy in the morning hours and Chatham jetty in the evenings. On Dec 04, 2018, instead of 3-4 vehicle ferries doing the rounds to Chatham-Bambooflat, only one vehicle ferry MV Pilopanja and a passenger ferry MV Austin were deployed due to some technical difficulties in the other vessels.
Due to shortage of boats gave a harrowing time to a large number of commuters (Office goers, students, etc.) at Bambooflat jetty, the angry commuters started their protest at 08.00 am. The crowd which was demanding Director of Shipping's presence on the spot, refused to talk to the Dy. Director who arrived on the scene. Later, Director, Capt. Ashitosh Pandey also reached on the spot and interacted with the crowd and patiently listened to their demands.
The Director, assured to take necessary action. The deployment of a new boat on this route will also said this month last they are coming out with new boat and it will a relief for the commuters of this area. The protest was called off by 11.30 am.

AIDS Awareness & Family Education for Every Citizen


HIV/AIDS is not only a biomedical phenomenon but a social reality rooted in human behavior. It is product of human actions in social contexts. The actions and their circumstances are shaped by larger cultural and social structures.  Therefore to have a significant impact on the epidemic, education interventions must be rigorously designed according to best practices and adapted to local needs.
Among the Indians, sexual norms are still to abide by the life-long of monogamy, while, in most societies severely hit by the HIV/AIDS epidemic, the norms have been 'change of partners'. Virginity before marriage is still highly valued among most Indians and families have by and large greater control over the behavior of children at least until they are married and settled. However, with India's shift from a predominantly agricultural, low subsistence and low consumption economy and a community based social structure, to an industrially developing nation with urbanization; migration and breakdown of rural economics, joint family system and communities, there have been shifts in social values and world views. The degree and nature of this impact has been varies across different sections. The weakening controls have allowed grate individual freedom and releasing the stifling controls on young people.
High consumption life-styles have raised aspirations of others and increased the consumption gap between the top and bottom sections. Along with the increasing value placed on material consumption, there has also been an increase in perception of sexuality as a commodity to be 'consumed' for pleasure. The gap between material aspirations and socio- economic status has led to distortions such as the spread of promiscuity, corruption, growth of the Mafia, drug trafficking etc. All these factors have also contributed to the spread of HIV/AIDS in the sub-continent.
HIV Awareness and Family Education: WHY?
There is no cure for HIV/AIDS at the moment and no vaccine for prevention. The only way for prevention is education and behavior modification.  There is a need for professionally trained and skilled personnel certified by a competent authority (like an institution of higher education) such as university.  There is resistance from parents and teachers to schools going for education on sensitive topics such as HIV/AIDS and sex education. We need to create awareness, provide knowledge and skills so that the trainers of trainees (TOTs) can skillfully handle such topics. What we require today is to manage the illness through indigenously developed prevention strategies and not relying on materials prepared for people belonging to other social and cultural settings. There should be adequate in-put in terms of our traditional cultural, social, moral and religious values. There is stigma attached to the HIV/AIDS disease which forces the infected to hide. Education with appropriate information will help people to provide better home care and emotional support. There is lot of misconception, misinformation and inaccurate information on the subject of HIV/AIDS. A carefully planned curriculum will seek to provide accurate, complete and authentic information on the subject. There is a demand for a formal programme of study on these topics from those who are involved in work related to HIV/AIDS, substance abuse and family crisis management.
Purposes of AIDS Awareness & Family Education
People should have the knowledge and skills needed for healthy human relationships, effective communication, and responsible decision-making behavior that will protect themselves and others from HIV/STD infection and optimize health. The goals of AIDS programmes include promoting behaviors that prevent the transmission of HIV/STD, fostering attitude and behavior that will prevent discrimination against those who are infected with HIV/STD, and promoting solidarity among them.
Everyone should:
* Understand the nature of HIV/AIDS/STDs and its transmission.
* Understand the nature and consequences of substance abuse.
* Have accurate and complete information about facts of life.
* Develop appropriate communication skills for life.
* Make informed decisions about behavior that protect them from HIV/AIDS/STDs and drug addiction.
* Understand the symptoms of HIV/AIDS/STDs and seek appropriate medical care when needed.
* Value their own health and relationships free from HIV/AIDS and substance abuse.
* Behave personally and socially in ways that eliminate the risk of spreading HIV infection and becoming addict.
* Reject biased information and myths relating to facts of life and HIV infection.
* Develop positive attitude towards those who are infected with HIV and addicted to drugs.
* Increase the level of knowledge about the impact of HIV/AIDS and substance abuse on the community, society, economy of the country etc.
* Develop skills in initiating action-oriented programmes for the prevention and control of HIV/AIDS and substance abuse, sensitizing people, initiating teaching, research and extension programmes etc.
* Develop modules and teaching aids for use at grassroots level.
Who gets benefits from AIDS Awareness & Family Education?
Teachers (schools, colleges and universities), Persons Care workers with Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), Health Care workers including physicians, nurses, hospital administrative staff and other para-medicals, Personnel and welfare officers from corporate sectors; Young people who are yet to get married; Newly married couples; College and university students; Parents of adolescents; Workers in social and social welfare institutions such as prisons, orphanages, rescue homes, hostels, boarding houses, rehabilitation homes, etc.; People working among sex  workers and street children; Staff de-addiction centres; Legal officers; Religious leaders; Journalists and media professionals; Persons employed in armed forces and Para-military personnel ; People involved in counseling services for family, youth, drug addicts, hospitals etc.
Role of Distance Education
The 6-months Certificate course in HIV and Family Education (CAFÉ) and one year Diploma in HIV and Family Education (DAFE) of IGNOU provides comprehensive knowledge about the what, why and how of the problems of HIV/AIDS, how it can be prevented and controlled, and how to take care of those who are already infected with HIV. To impart an integrated understanding to learner about the crucial dimensions of the problems and issues associated with HIV/AIDS, substance abuse (i.e. Abuse of alcohol and drugs) and human behavior, also introduces the learner to the fundamental aspect of family life education including sexual health education.
To improve the awareness level, it is necessary to include the HIV and Family Education subjects at school education level, at undergraduate / PG studies.   It can also be part of all kind of training programmes organized by government agencies.  This in turn will improve the situation and save a lot of life. (The author is Regional Director of IGNOU, Regional Centre, Port Blair and can be reached at rcportblair@ignou.ac.ipn (M-8900936718)

44 violations by foreigners in Andamans: Home Ministry ; Government considering re-imposing Restricted Area Permit in the Island


New Delhi/ Port Blair, Nov 28: As many as 44 violations by foreigners have taken place in recent past in restricted areas of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, a senior Home Ministry official said on Wednesday.
The Restricted Area Permit (RAP), which allows people from visiting certain locations with permission, may be re-imposed in the Andamans following the recent killing of an American by inhabitants on North Sentinel Island, a highly reclusive and protected tribe.
The RAP for foreigners and Indians was recently liberalised by the Centre.
A delegation of the National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST) will visit Andaman and Nicobar Island, a Union Territory, on December 4, to assess the situation arising after the killing of American John Allen Chau by the Sentinelese tribes a couple of weeks ago.
The Home Ministry submitted a report to the NCST on Wednesday, where it said there were 44 violations by foreigners in the Islands, other than RAP violations.
The official said the government was considering re-imposing RAP in the Island. The official said the North Sentinel Island is a prohibited zone and Chau had gone there illegally.
Though RAP was withdrawn in 29 islands, any tourist is required to take permission from the Forest Department and the administration of the Andamans as it is protected under two other Acts - protection of Aboriginal People and Forest Acts.
Chau had taken the help of a fisherman, a local electronics engineer and a water sports provider to reach the island on November 14.
On the November 17 morning, they saw a dead person being buried at the shore which from the silhouette of the body, clothing and circumstances appeared to be the body of Chau, the police said. (The Hindu)

Media persons honoured by ANSCB Ltd. ANSCB all set to function with new name "Multi-State Coop. Bank" from next year onwards Aims to open 12 branches in major cities and touch Rs.10000 cr. turnover by 2022


TMI Correspondent
Port Blair, Nov 28: "The Andaman and Nicobar State Cooperative Bank Ltd. (ANSCB Ltd.), after registering tremendous expansion in the A&N Islands with 41 Branches set up even in remotest Islands and also despite all odds the ANSCB is having core banking in all its 41 branches in A&N Islands, is now planning to open its wings in mainland cities in coming years", informed the Vice Chairman, ANSCB Ltd., Shri Kuldeep Rai Sharma, in a felicitation function during Press Day Celebration held on Nov 26, 2018 at Hotel Mansha Regency.
The programme was organized by ANSCB Ltd. to honour the selfless & remarkable contributions of local journalists in the field of journalism & to pay heartiest tributes to every single media worker for articulating the sole aim of socio-economic development of islands by comprehending service to the humanity.
Addressing the gathering, Shri Kuldeep Rai Sharma said our Bank is mainly focusing socio-economic development of these Islands by supporting various self help groups, youths in tourism sectors and local entrepreneurs, besides windows and old aged pension beneficiaries and working with the moto to reach out to the last person living in the remotest parts of the Islands. He also appreciated the banking management and staff for their hard work in taking the bank's turnover upto Rs.1500 crore this year 2018, he further said that 2019 will be very challenging for the bank, as the its planning to take a major leap, which is transforming itself from local Cooperative Bank to Multi-State Cooperative Bank.
He said that the Bank is planning to open branches in 12 major cities across India like Chennai, Madurai, Trivandrum, Cochin, Vishakapattanam, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Delhi, Patna, Lucknow, Mumbai etc. and by 2022 the bank is also planning to touch Rs.10,000 crore turnover mark.
Let apart this, Mr. Sharma said that media has played a major role in educating the society by way of generating awareness among the people on different aspects. The contribution of media in the overall development and generating awareness is immense. It is therefore, the duty of the society to recognize the contributions of media and for shaping the growth of the society.
Earlier, Shri K Murugan, MD of ANSCB Ltd. welcomed the gathering and said that media being the fourth pillar of the society plays a pivotal role in exposing things which are true and creating public awareness against social evils and other unhealthy practices in the modern society.
The President, Andaman & Nicobar Media Federation (ANMF), Shri K Ganeshan has expressed thanks for organizing Press Day Celebration by the Andaman & Nicobar State Co-operative Bank Ltd. and have appreciated for recognizing with honour, dignity and gifts for the tireless contribution of media towards socio-economic development of islands.
Expressing gratitude to the ANSCB Ltd. for the gesture of felicitating local media persons, Mr. Sanjib Kumar Roy, the General Secretary (ANMF) said that media in Andaman plays the role of opposition too, in absence of a democratic set up. "It is the media, which highlights problems of common man and takes up their issues at their best in this regard. Little appreciation serves as major encouragement for media persons, who are doing a thankless job," he said. Mr. Roy added that ANSCB Ltd. has not only done well in last few years, but also has always stood behind local media units.

Tips for Examination


We all of us experienced the normal fear of examinations during our school or college studies.  In psychological terms, it is called as ‘exam anxiety’.  In general, the optimum level of anxiety is good for success in exams.  Too much of fear reduces the level of self-confidence drastically.  Similarly, no-fear status makes the student careless in preparation.  Both the extreme conditions are harmful for success in exams.  A moderate level of anxiety gives good result.   Thus, the examinee is to enjoy the exam fear in good spirit.  Both the parents and teachers are also getting the induced exam fear due to examinees.   But with their maturity and experiences, they are able to guide and facilitate the student to overcome the exam period difficulties.   In IGNOU, few students approach the regional centre to convey their grievance of inability to clear the paper even in 3 to 5 attempts.  Those instances motivated me to write this article to benefit thousands of distance learners studying through open and distance learning mode.   The examination has three stages of activities. They are: Pre-Exam Phase, Exam Phase, and Post-Exam Phase. 
Pre-exam Phase Activities
• Timely submit assignments well before the semester / year end examination
• Read study material provided by Distance Education University
• Attempt all self-check exercises in self-learning material (SLM)
• Read ‘Possible Answers’ given at the end of lessons / units
• Read the copy of your assignments submitted.
• Read previous Exam Question papers and mark page numbers of book, for each Questions
• Write mock test at home
• Correct your answers yourself (self- evaluator)
• Identify ‘repeated’ questions and prepare answers for them
• Use voice recorder (in mobile phone) to check your answers with book
• Use black board or note-book to workout answers
·               Sleep well at nights to strengthen memory efficiency
• Stress load should be optimistic (neither 0 nor 100%)
• Confuse the answers and get clarifications yourself while reading books;  so as to avoid
    Confusion at Exam Hall
• See exam time table / Date sheet, well in advance
*Download Hall Ticket and keep ready the Special Permission form, if any
Exam Phase Activities: 
The duration of exam Question Paper is to seen, so as to decide the speed of answering. The total words required for full Question paper can be estimated by calculating the word limits specified for each question.  For example, the main answer sheet booklet contains a total 16 pages (front & back side) ; similarly, the supplementary answer sheet booklet contains a total 8 pages.  Each page contains 22 printed ruled lines per page.    On an average, one can write 6 words per line. That is, 22 lines x 6 words = 135-150 words per page.  For answering a full question paper with a total requirement of 2000 words, 15-16 hand written answer pages is just sufficient.  To write 150 words, it may take 3-5 minutes in normal mental status. For 10 pages, it may require approximately 60 minutes to write.  But, at exam hall, it may differ depending upon the thinking ability, flow of answers coming from mind to hand etc. While answering the questions, the time budgeting for each question is also a wise operation to be done at exam hall. Time management skill is one of the essential skills required for examinees. The content should be organized in sequential / logical order with systematic flow of answer.  The answers reflect the memory power as well as the extra- knowledge, experiences and skills of the examinee.  So, one has to project what he / she know; what / how he/she understand the question.  Some time your answer may deviate from correct answer.   But your sincere and systematic attempt will also give good impression about you to the examiner. Sharply answer to the question in first sentence of the answer itself; then elaborate it.   In other words, the reply or response to the question should be conveyed at the beginning itself ( not at the last). 
Normally the questions may have only one   (single) part or   multi-parts (  a,b,c,d…..). Some time, a question uses two items in single sentence with conjunction ‘and’ (give examples ‘and’ justify). Try to note marks for each part of question to quantify your answers.  Attempt each and every part of question with separate headings or sub-headings, to show distinctly. Whenever necessary,   use bullet point presentation style to improve speed of writing.  Different students answer differently, in the sequence of question – answer flow.  Some start from ‘short’ answer questions to ‘long’ answer questions; some students start from ‘Long’ answer and end at ‘short’ answer questions.  The load to brain can be given in incremental pattern from small to big. (It is recommended to follow psychological research findings and evidences, if possible.)   Answer the simple questions or well- known first, then less-known, and then   un-known etc.  The incubation period to retrieve answer from brain (mental processing time) is inevitable for some tuff questions.  If confident, try to read full question paper from beginning to end; otherwise, read only one question and answer it, then  read the next question to proceed further. Attempt the time consuming questions first; followed by less time takers.
Presentation of Answers:  Let the answers be in easily readable format with legible hand writing. Avoid using  too-long sentences;  Use 1,2,3… or a,b,c… for pointed answers;  Use good, (your) lucky pen;  Black color ink is highly attractive for Examiners as compared to routine blue colour; Use few bright colors for highlighting the main points of answer; Do not mix too much of Hindi in English medium answers (vice-versa) because the  evaluators are different for different medium of answer sheets; Write two paragraphs per page, instead of single long paragraph in whole page.
Post-Exam Activities:   Check the exam results at site within 2-3 months and apply for re-evaluation if required.  Even the photocopy of the copy of Answer Papers can be obtained to physically check.  Timely apply for next examination with improved preparation.  For immediate purposes, collect Course completion certificate from Regional Centre for next admission/Job Interview purposes.
The skill of answering the questions in the exam will develop gradually as we practice. As both the content and presentation are important for the answers, one should be conscious of balancing both in the exam papers. More importantly, the time management is essential skill for every examinee.  Let us improve all the skills of examinees for successful completion of study.
(The author is Regional Director of IGNOU Regional Centre at Port Blair and can be reached at rcportblair@ignou.ac.in  or 8900936718)